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google_alternatives gAn earlier version of this list was used to kick-start a section in the then new forum <> – please consider updating both places.

Alternatives to Google services

There are several reasons why you probably do not want to share too many aspects of your life with Google: It has a near monopoly in several aspects of the Internet, and has its hands in many others: search, advertisement, calendaring, cloud storage, social media, news, e-mail, maps, online office … This stifles competition. And by using several of these, you give Google the chance to gain new insights about you by combining data from several services. Update: According to estimates made in 2015, Google tracks 78% of all websites visits globally. Source:

Related sites:


Android is a Linux derivative developed by Google. You can reduce the number of Google apps and services (if you read German:, but this is not a complete solution. Luckily, there are other ways to bring Linux to mobile devices:
  1. Sailfish OS: can be installed on many Android phones; comes pre-installed on Jolla phones, the Intex Aqua Fish (made in India; imported devices available on Ebay, e.g. For other hardware options, see
  2. Ubuntu Touch is no longer maintained as a core product by Canonical, but there is still which is available for OnePlus One, FairPhone 2 and Nexus 5.
  3. FirefoxOS is no longer maintained by Mozilla


Google's AMP stands for "Accelerated Mobile Pages", but it's much more than that. Its main idea is that Google's search engine does not just show you a (hopefully well-chosen) snippet of a news article, but the entire article is hosted on Google's servers. In fact, most of it is pre-loaded before you even click or tap on it in the results list.
Publishers have to maintain a special, stripped down version of their website especially for Google AMP. Why do they make the effort if it means that visitors do not even reach their own website any more? As usual, it's a combined stick and carrot approach. The stick is that Google threatens to downrank sites that load "slowly". The carrot is that AMP supports a range of analytics, ad networks, subscription services and paywalls – stuff that publishers try to make money with. They don't seem to mind that all user data goes straight to Google even though visitors never expect or notice this. Even if you don't use Google's search engine, your mobile device is increasingly served by a Google AMP server when you try to visit a news site these days.
More in German / mehr auf deutsch:
More in English:


  1. Piwik directly competes with Google Analytics but is self-hosted and free software
  2. AWStats is a logfile analyzer, so it does not require trackers or web bugs. It looks slightly dated but does its job quickly and reliably
  3. ElasticSearch + LogStash + Kibana


  1. Jekyll (and other static site generators such as Pelican)
  2. Drupal
  3. Wordpress
  4. ZeroNet

  1. Wordpress
  2. GitHub Pages (uses Jekyll but does not support plugins, using other static site generators is possible but cumbersome) 
  3. GitLab Pages (works with*any* static site generator, for many templates are available) 


  3. see for other software
  4. (GPL webmailer + calendar server (CalDAV) + contacts server (CardDAV))
  5. Odoo - "All-in-one management software" is a complete CRM and ERP system
  6. Tine2.0 - "Die günstige Alternative zu Microsoft Exchange© oder Mac OS X Server©"
  7. Radicale - "A Free and Open-Source CalDAV and CardDAV Server"


see reCaptcha

Code (Version Control)
(Google Code is being discontinued anway) (version control is not necessarily limited to software development projects, it can also be beneficial to track changes to collaboratively developed documents or data)

  1. GitLab (self-hosted or hosted: or Gogs (self-hosted:
  2. Atlassian Dev Tools (including Git or Mercurial on BitBucket)
  3. Git on GitHub (free public hosting) or GitLab (free public or private hosting; software freely available)
  4. Subversion SVN

Collaboration/Project Management
(Which Google service does this address?)

  1. Community Edition
  2. Liferay Portal Community Edition + Social Office
  3. Redmine
  4. Zimbra
  5. Strikebase
  6. Free version of Planship
  7. Free version of MyCollab

DNS (Google's Public Domain Name System)
(Many ISPs and lazy admins just use Google's name servers, and This leaks a lot of data to Google. Use other name servers!)

  1. OpenNIC
  2. DDG gives you a pretty list for this query
  3. Digitalcourage
  4. CCC Germany
  5. Ungefiltert Surfen
  6. (filtered, DNSSEC-verified), (unfiltered) – Background:

Docs (authoring)

Collaborative authoring:
WYSIWYG (What you see is what you get):
  1. for drafts or other text with minimal markup and structuring
  5. with ownCloud Documents

  1. create PDF from LaTeX (if you need professional layout; alternatively available as free software for self-hosting)
  2. create PDF from LaTeX or markdown
  3. create PDF/HTML/EPUB from LaTeX/markdown/reStructuredText (git-versioned but not collaborative?)
  4. any wiki
  5. any online markdown editor (see for a list)
  6. create PDF from LaTeX (if you need professional layout)

Offline authoring:


Download any required fonts from to your server. When using them in your website, include them from there, not from Google. The same goes for Javascript libraries and other assets. Make your website self-contained!

Forms (Web forms that collect all submitted data in a Google Docs spreadsheet)

  1. Use a plugin for you CMS, and keep it up-to-date!
  3. see Docs and Sheets



Mail (e-mail, GMail)

Webmail (includes hosted IMAP server):

  1. for self-hosted webmail incl. calendar + contacts
  2. Zimbra
  3. Dovecot (or other IMAP server) + Roundcube (or other webmailer or client software)

Client software:
  1. Thunderbird + Enigmail add-on
  2. Mailpile
  3. NeoMutt - created as "mutt" in 1996 with support for GnuPG in mind


  1. OpenStreetMap - the wiki of maps!
    1. Client-Apps are available for mobile devices, e.g. OSMand for Android
  2. (create your own maps with OpenStreetMap layers in a minute and embed them in your site)

Google News is a popular news aggregator. See also

Picasa (“organize, edit, and share your photos”)

  1. Darktable (for advanced users)
  2. digiKam
  3. Shotwell (for beginners; Linux only)
  4. gThumb, a lightweight image organizer for Gnome/Linux

Plus (social networking)

  1. Twitter (just because what is public cannot be hacked, leaked or confiscated)
  2. Mastodon ( ) – an OStatus compatible federation
  3. Identica
  4. Diaspora
  5. join one of these Friendica sites:
  6. no, Facebook is not recommended, and here is why:
  7. GNUSocial, microblogging – an OStatus compatible federation
  8. P2P, full encripted
  9. P2P, microblogging
  10. ZeroMe, microblogging, P2P


  1. EtherCalc
  2. FramaCalc
  3. FramaFoms



Reader (RSS)

  1. Tiny Tiny RSS
  2. selfoss: even more parsimonious than Tiny Tiny RSS
  3. miniflux
  4. Feeder

  1. Feedly
  2. NewsBlur
  3. FlowReader
  4. Digg Reader (uh, shows URLs than cannot be clicked)
  5. Inoreader

  1. spaRSS


A free service for website designers, reCaptcha is a data leech that nobody should be forced to use. Please choose any other Captcha, or make a simple one for yourself.
To find one, try entering the name of your Web CMS followed by "captcha plugin" into your favourite search engine.

Scholar (academic search)

  1. BASE search
  4. (covered by BASE)
  5. (covered by BASE)
6. (covered by BASE)

Search (general)
  1. indy search
  2. proxy search
  3. meta search
  4. meta search (now also available as open source software)
  5. DIY search
  6. DIY search
  7. or any other Searx instance (source:, instances:
  8. a venerable search engine available as web service, binaries, or open source code
  9. "the European search engine that respects your privacy"


Self-hosted (buy a Raspberry Pi or similar!):
  1. (like Dropbox)


(In 2017, Google started to sell a mesh-enabled wireless accesspoint called Google Wifi in Europe. A German review of alternatives:
  1. Devolo Gigagate
  2. Linksys Velop
  3. Netgear Orbi
  4. Ubiquiti Amplifi

(Yes, belongs to Google now.)

  3. (uses CloudFlare)

PS: Sorry if this list is a little bit Germany-biased at the moment. Please add more to eliminate this bias!
More suggestions for the privacy and security conscious:
License for the contents of this page: CC-0 (